Daftar Dongeng Bahasa Inggris Singkat dan Pesan Moralnya
Dibalik serunya mendengarkan dongeng bahasa Inggris singkat, ternyata ada banyak manfaat bisa kita dapatkan. Guru juga sering menjadikannya sebagai bahan storytelling, yaitu melalui metode belajar mendongeng. Kamu pun bisa belajar berbagai skill bahasa Inggris dari sini, mulai dari reading, speaking, listening, pronunciation, dan sebagainya.
1. The Princess and The Pea
The Princess and The Pea
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Once upon a time there was a prince who wanted to marry a princess; but she would have to be a real princess. He travelled all over the world to find one, but nowhere could he get what he wanted.
There were princesses enough, but it was difficult to find out whether they were real ones. There was always something about them that was not as it should be. So he came home again and was sad, for he would have liked very much to have a real princess.
One evening a terrible storm came on, there was thunder and lightning, and the rain poured down in torrents. Suddenly a knocking was heard at the city gate, and the old king went to open it.
It was a princess standing out there in front of the gate. But, good gracious! What a sight the rain and the wind had made her look. The water ran down from her hair and clothes; it ran down into the toes of her shoes and out again at the heels. And yet she said that she was a real princess.
“Well, we’ll soon find that out,” thought the old queen. But she said nothing, went into the bedroom, took all the bedding off the bedstead, and laid a pea on the bottom; then she took twenty mattresses and laid them on the pea, and then twenty eider-down beds on top of the mattresses.
On this the princess had to lie all night. In the morning she was asked how she had slept.
“Oh, very badly!” said she. “I have scarcely closed my eyes all night. Heaven only knows what was in the bed, but I was lying on something hard, so that I am black and blue all over my body. It’s horrible!”
Now they knew that she was a real princess because she had felt the pea right through the twenty mattresses and the twenty eider-down beds. Nobody but a real princess could be as sensitive as that.
So the prince took her for his wife, for now he knew that he had a real princess; and the pea was put in the museum, where it may still be seen, if no one has stolen it. There, that is a true story.
Contoh dongeng bahasa Inggris yang simple di atas berjudul The Princess and The Pea karangan Hans Christian Andersen. Ceritanya adalah tentang seorang ratu yang menciptakan sayembara untuk mencari putri sejati.
Dongeng tersebut banyak menggunakan simple past tense. Kamu akan belajar tentang penggunaan kata was dan were. Sedangkan model verb 2 lebih sering digunakan karena membahas cerita yang terjadi di waktu lampau. Adapun contoh kata kerjanya seperti thought, had, closed, ran, felt, took dan asked.
Lalu moral value tentang kisah menarik tersebut di antaranya:
Jadilah orang jujur dan jangan suka berbohong.
Jangan menilai orang lain dari penampilan luarnya saja. Kita harus mendalami karakter mereka terlebih dahulu.
2. Little Red Riding Hood, Si Gadis Berjubah Merah
Little Red Riding Hood, Si Gadis Berjubah Merah
Little Red Riding Hood lived in a wood with her mother. One day Little Red Riding Hood went to visit her granny. She had a nice cake in her basket. On her way Little Red Riding Hood met a wolf.
“Hello!” said the wolf. “Where are you going?”
“I’m going to see my grandmother. She lives in a house behind those trees.” The wolf ran to Granny’s house and ate Granny up. He got into Granny’s bed. A little later, Little Red Riding Hood reached the house. She looked at the wolf.
“Granny, what big eyes you have!”
“All the better to see you with!” said the wolf.
“Granny, what big ears you have!”
“All the better to hear you with!” said the wolf.
“Granny, what a big nose you have!”
“All the better to smell you with!” said the wolf.
“Granny, what big teeth you have!”
“All the better to eat you with!” shouted the wolf. A woodcutter was in the wood. He heard a loud scream and ran to the house. The woodcutter hit the wolf over the head. The wolf opened his mouth wide and shouted and Granny jumped out. The wolf ran away and Little Red Riding Hood never saw the wolf again.
Cerita dongeng bahasa Inggris ini merupakan karangan fiksi Charles Perrault. Tokoh utamanya adalah gadis kecil yang sering menggunakan jubah merah pemberian sang nenek tercinta.
Banyak kosakata baru di dalam cerita ini, seperti:
Granny [ˈɡræni] : nenek
Wolf [wʊlf] : serigala
Woodcutter [ˈwʊdkʌtə(r)] : penebang pohon
Wood [ˈwʊd] : kayu atau pohon
House [haʊs] : rumah
Sementara itu, moral value yang bisa kamu dapatkan melalui kisah Little Red Riding Hood adalah jangan mudah percaya terhadap orang asing dan bersikaplah cerdik untuk menghadapi berbagai masalah.
3. The Hungry Mouse
The Hungry Mouse
A mouse was having a very bad time. She could find no food at all. She looked here and there, but there was no food, and she grew very thin. At last the mouse found a basket, full of corn. There was a small hole in the basket, and she crept in. She could just get through the hole.
Then she began to eat the corn. Being very hungry, she ate a great deal, and went on eating and eating. She had grown very fat before she felt that she had had enough.
When the mouse tried to climb out of the basket, she could not. She was too fat to pass through the hole.
“How shall I climb out?” said the mouse. “oh, how shall I climb out?”. Just then a rat came along, and he heard the mouse.
“Mouse,” said the rat, “if you want to climb out of the basket, you must wait till you had grown as thin as you were when you went in.”
Dongeng bahasa Inggris anak ini menceritakan tentang seekor tikus kelaparan. Si tikus menemukan makanan di sebuah lubang dan masuk ke dalamnya. Sayang sekali dia terjebak sampai sulit ke luar kembali.
Ada banyak vocabulary menarik untuk menambah penguasaan kosakatamu melalui cerita ini. Mungkin beberapa di antaranya belum kamu ketahui bahkan masih terasa asing. Contohnya saja seperti kata-kata berikut!
Basket [ˈbɑːskɪt] : keranjang
Corn [kɔːn] : jagung
Hole [həʊl] : lubang
Climb out [klaɪm aʊt] : memanjat keluar
Rat [ræt] : tikus
Sekarang kita ambil pesan positif dari dongeng bahasa Inggris bergambar The Hungry Mouse. Kisah tersebut mengajarkan kita untuk tidak serakah dan saling berbagi. Sikap buruk itu akan mendatangkan kerugian pada diri sendiri.